Complete Drug class for medical practitioners

Complete Drugs classes Reviews 
Drug classs

Nurses must know as much as such as possible about drugs. This article attempts to make the nurse achieve this objective. We decided to put this article first so that the nurse will easily glance through the drug classes, anytime he or she opens this article.Nursing and medicine involve the use of drugs to keep the patient in good health.

There are so many drugs in use worldwide. These drugs belong to different classes. Each class has different uses. Among each class their characteristics tend to the similar, many has actions, reactions, and interaction with other drugs being almost similar. 

Drug classes are like families. Care must be taken when using any drug. Besides helping to cure an ailment, drugs have their side effects and adverse reactions. 

It is therefore advised that patients take only drugs prescribed by the doctor who by training is authorized to diagnose and treat diseases. Patients who indulge in self-medication or those that patronize quacks run the risk of developing complication.

It is always better to prevent such complications than to have to treat them. This is especially true in the case of adverse drug reactions where the cure can become the disease.

Some patients are allergic by nature and more likely to develop allergies to drugs. Such patients must be watched very closely when drugs are given to them be Known drug allergies must be written boldly on the patient's case file

The patient must tell every health care provider that he or she is allergic by nature and is allergic to specific drugs.

The patient is advised to provide this information without waiting to be asked. The doctor will then be able to avoid prescribing those drugs that could provoke an allergic reaction. 

Patients are advised to have their physics who may direct them to a specialist should the need arise a situation where patients take several drugs to prescribe separately by more than one physician for different ailment often without appropriate consultation between patient and prescriber

This frequent practice can lead to serious drug interactions. The patient should routinely talk to each health care provider about all the drugs prescription and none prescription that he or she may be taking.

In the elderly, vital organs may not work as well and can greatly influence the body's response to drugs. These patients often poorly tolerate drugs with inherent toxic potentials and frequently need smaller doses at a longer interval.

The effect of drugs on the elderly and severely ill are often unpredictable. Great care must be taken to prevention minimize adverse effects. For this reason, drug treatment in the elderly must always be accompanied by the most careful consideration of the individual health and tolerance.

The best medicine in the world will not do you any good at all if it stays in the bottle. Doctors have had many consumers asking them why a given medicine fails to help a particular patient; only to find out that the medicine itself was being incorrectly taken.

Nurses should encourage and explain exactly how much and when to take medicine. This will enable the patient to get the best result from any medicine.

Guidelines For Safe And Effective Drug Use

  • Do not pressure your doctor to prescribe drugs that pill his or her judgment you do not need.
  • Do not take prescription drugs on your own or the advice of friends because your symptoms are just like theirs
  • Drug therapy must be individualized based on liver and kidney function; medicine you currently take, and many other factors.
  • Do not offer drugs prescribed for you to anyone without a physician's guidance.
  • Do not change the dose or timing of any drug without the advice of your physician except when the drugs appear to be causing adverse effects.
  • Do not leave it to guess that you have taken your medicine. Always get a dosing calendar
  • Do not continue to take a drug that you feel is causing the problem until you can talk with your physician.
  • Do you take any drugs while pregnant or nursing a baby until you talk to your doctor or pharmacist?
  • Do not withhold from your doctor information about previous prescription or non-prescription drug used. 
The doctor will want to know what has helped and what has caused the problem

  • Do not take any drug in the dark. Identify every dose of medicine carefully inadequate light to be certain you are taking the intended drug

This section provides a fairly broad range of drug Information intended to fulfill the everyday needs of practicing junior health care workers especially the nurses. 

It is designed to provide objective information in a formal to facilitate comparisons of drug products. 

There are many drugs in use, it is therefore not possible for all to be listed in this article only a very few everyday drugs in our environment has been listed.

For convenience, drugs are listed according to their effects on the body system.

Central Nervous System 

  1. ANALGESIC: These are drugs that kill pain in our body is subdivided into two groups:
  2. ANALGESIC ANTI PYRETIC: This subgroup not only kill the pain but also reduces body temperature paracetamol

  • Novalgin
  • Analog in
  • Baralgin
  • Option
  • Tylenol (acetaminophen)
  • Metamizole

Analgesic Antiinflammatory 

These groups kill pain and also reduces inflammation

  • Aspirin
  • Ibuprofen
  • Info is
  • Diclofenac
  • Tramal
  • Trivial
  • Feldene 
  • Nexen 
  • Dolphin 
  • Voltarenetard.

Anticonvulsant 

These drugs stop convulsion

  • Epsilon
  • (Sodium Valproate) 
  • Epanutin (Phenytoin sodium)
  • Tegretol (Carbamazepine)
  • Phenobaritoe (Cardinal sodium)
  • Rivotril
  • (Clonazepam) 
  • Paraldehyde
  1. ANTI EMETIC: Drugs that stop vomiting Metoclopramide (Maxolone or Plasil)

  • Avomine
  •  Motilium
  • Steel
  • Torecan

  1.  SEDATIVES & TRANQUILIZER
  • Valium  (Diazepain)
  • Librium
  • Ativan (Lohydrat)
  • hydrate
  • Bramezapam
  • Chloral hydrate Largactile
  • Paraldehyde
  1. ANTIHISTAMINE: These drugs stop itching
  • Piriton
  •  Phenergan
  • Anthias
  •  Energy
  • Hismanal
  • Periactin
  1. SKELETAL MUSCLE RELAXANT
Relaxes Skeletal Muscles
  • Norflex
  • Norgesic
  1. CNS STIMULANT: Stimulates the central nervous system
  • Caffeine
  • Nikethamide

Cardiovascular System

  1. ANTI HYPERTENSIVES: Lowers blood pressure
  • Brinedin
  • Aldomet
  • Nifedipine eg Nifedose, Adalat
  • Enalapril
  • Amlodipine eg Gramvase, Norvasc
  • Lisinopril
  • Captopril eg Minizide, Miriozide
  • Catapres
  • Apresoline (hydralazine)
  1. ANTI ANGINA: Relief chest pain due to heart problem
  • Glyceryl trinitrate = Isosorbide mononitrate
  • Isofix = Isosorbide dinitrate
  • Model
  • Amyl nitrate
  • Dipyridamole
  •  Persantin
  1. ANTI ARRHYTHMIA: Regulate heartbeat and pulse rate
  • Digoxin
  • Propanolol (Inderal)
  • Lido cail
  • Procainamide
  • Phenytoin
These drugs are not commonly used a
anti-arrhythmia in our environment
  1. DIURETICS: Reduces excess fluid from the body
  • Lasix
  • Diamox
  • Moduretic
  • Aldactone
  •  Hygrotone

Respiratory System 

  1. ANTI ASTHMATIC: Relief asthmatic attack

  • Intal (Podium cromoglycate)
  • Aminophylline
  • Dyphilline
  • Ventolin
  • Bricanyl
  • Barotec
  • Adrenaline
  • Ashmanol
  1.  ANTI-TUBERCULOSIS:- Kill tuberculosis infection
  • Rifampicin
  • Myambutol
  • Valium (Diazepain)
  • Librium
  •  Ativan  (Lorazepan)
  • Mogadon
  • Bramezapam
  • Chloral hydrate
  • Largactile
  • Paraldehyde
  1. ANTIHISTAMINE: These drugs stops itching
  • Piriton
  • Phenegan
  • Anthisan
  • Tavergyi
  • Hismanal
  • Periacton
  1. SKELETAL MUSCLE RELAXANT: Relaxes Skeletal Muscle
  • Norflex
  • Norgesic
  1. CNS STIMULANT: Stimulates the central nervous system 
  • Caffeine
  • Nikethamid

Cardiovascular System 

1. ANTI HYPERTENSIVES: Lowers blood pressure
  • Brinedin
  • Aldomet
  • Nifedipine eg Nifedose, Adalat
  • Enalapril
  • Amilodipine eg Gramvase, Norvase
  • Lisinopril
  • Catapress
  • Captorit eg Minizide, Miriozide
  • Apresoline (hydrallazine)
  • Isosorbide mono nitrate
  • Isosorbide dinetrate
  • Glyceryl trinitrate
  1. ANTI ANGINA: Relief chest pain due to heart problem
  • isodi
  • Amyl nitrate
  • Dipridamole
  •  Persantin
  1. ANTIARRYTHMIA: Regulate heart beat and pulse rate
  • Digoxin
  • Propanolol (inderal)
  • Lido cail
  •  Procainamid?
  • Phenytoin
These drugs are not commonly used a
anti-arrythmia in our environment
  1. DIURETICS: Reduces excess fluid from the body
  • Lasix
  • Diamox
  • Moduretic
  • Aldactone
  • Hygrotone

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

  1. ANTI ASTHMATIC: Relief asthmatiz attack
  • Intal (odium cromoglycate)
  • Aminophylline
  • Dyphilline
  • Ventolin
  • Bricanyl
  • Barotec
  • Adrenaline
  • Ashmanol
  1. ANTI TUBERCULOSIS :- Kill tuberculosis infection
  • Rifampicin
  • Myambutol
  • Isoniazid
  • Pyrizinamide
  • Streptomycin
  • Thiacetazone

GASTROINTERSTINAL TRACT

  1. ANTACID: Reduces acid and heal peptic ulcer disease
  • Cimetidine
  • Omeprazole
  • Zantal
  • Ulcer heal
  • Gastrozepine
  •  Carbenoxolone Sodium
  • Colloidal bismuth subcitrate
  • Gelusil
  • Polycrol forte gel
  • Andusil
  • Mist magnesium Trisicilicate

SMOOTH MUSCLE RELAXANT

  • Buscopan
  • No-spa
  • maxolone
  1. ANTHELMINTHICS: Kill worm in the body
  • ketrax
  • Wormin
  • Antepar
  • Alcopar
  • Combantrine
  • Vermox
  • Mintezcl
  • zentel
  • Niclosa mide
  • Oxam niquine
  • Praziquantel
  1. ANTI DIARRHOEL: Stops stooling
  • Diapec
  • Imodum
  • Lomotil
  • Thalazole
  • Loperax
  • Mist Kaolin et morphia
  1. AMOEBICIDE
  • Chloroquine
  • Emetine
  • Fasign
  • Flagyi
  • Diloxanide
ANTIBIOTICS: These are drugs that kill bacterial infection. They are grouped based on their family.

  1. PENICILLINS
  • Ampicillin
  • Ampiclo
  •  Amoxycillin
  • Cloxacillin
  • Procaine penicillin
  • Crystalline penicillin
  • Unasyn
  • Augumentin
  1.  AMINOGLYCOSIDES
  • Gentamycin
  • Neomycin
  • Streptomycin
  • Kanamycin
  • Tobramycin
  1. CEPHALOSPORINS
  • Cephalexin
  • Ceclor (Cefaclor)
  • Claforan (Cefotaxine)
  • Zinnat (Cefuroxine)
  • Rocephine (Ceftriaxone)
  1. MACROLIDE
  • Zithromax (Azethromycin)
  • Clarithromycin
  • Spiramycin
  • Erythromycin
  1.  FLOUROQUINOLONES
  • Norbactin
  • Norfloxacin
  • Ciproxin
  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Tarivid
  • Offloxaxine
  •  Levoquin
  • Laevofloxacin
  • Sparduim
  • Sparfloxacin
  1. TETRACYCLINES
  • Doxicycline
  •  Minocycline
  • Teramycin
  • Tetracycline
  • Methacycline
  1. LINCOSAMIDES
  • Lincomycin
  • Clindamycin
  1.  SULPHONAMIDE
ANTI FUNGAL INFECTIONS
  • Fulcin
  • Nizoral (Ketoconazole)
  • Fluconazole
  • Fasigyn
  • Mycostatin
  • Fungusol
  • Curoderm
  • Nystatin oral

ANTI RETROVIRAL (ANTI-AIDS)

  • Zidovudine
  • Lamivudine
  • Nevirapine
  • Stavudine
ANTI MALARIALS (KILL MALARIA PARASITE)
  • Chloroquine
  • Quinine
  • Paludrine
  • Paluther
  • Maloxine
  • Malerisch
  • Fansida
  • MetHalfan
  • Halfan Artesuanate
Different makes of ACT eg Coartem, Droaquine, Lonart etc.

ANTI DIABETIC Reduces sugar in the ody
  1.  ORAL HYPOGLYCAEMIC
  • Diabenese
  • Daonil
  • Diamicron
  • Glucophage
  • Phenformin
  1. Insulin
  •  Soluble insulin such as actrapid Depot insulin such as mixtard.
ANTILEPROTIC Cures leprosy
  • Lamprene
  • Rifampicin
  • Dapsone
ANTI CANCER Used in the treatment of cancer
  • Tamoxifen
  •  Cyclophosphamide
  •  Methotrexate
  •  Mecaptopurine
  •  Chlorambucil
  •  Hydroxylurea
  1. STERIODS
  •  Hydrocortizone
  • Prednisolone
  • Dexamethasone
  • Betamethasol
  • Beclomethasone
  • Cortison
  • Triamcinolone (Kenalog)
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