9 Common Causes of Lower Abdominal Pain (and What You Can Do About Them)

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Lower Abdominal Pain
Many people experience lower abdominal pain at some point in their lives, and while it’s rarely serious, lower abdominal pain can be distressing and disruptive to everyday life. Causes of lower abdominal pain vary depending on age, gender, and the underlying health issue, but there are some common causes of lower abdominal pain that may indicate the need to see a medical professional. 

Lower abdominal pain (i.e., in the stomach or abdomen) can be caused by a variety of different things, from non-threatening issues like gas to more serious health concerns like appendicitis and ulcers. Knowing what you’re up against will help you take steps to deal with the cause of your pain, whether it’s easy to fix or something that requires medical attention. Here are some common causes of lower abdominal pain and what you can do about them.

9 Common Causes of Lower Abdominal Pain (and What You Can Do About Them)

Lower abdominal pain can be caused by almost anything, from an irritating organ to a sexually transmitted disease. While it’s natural to want to pinpoint the cause of your pain as quickly as possible, remember that lower abdominal pain can also be the symptom of more serious issues and the sooner you see your doctor, the better off you’ll be in the long run. Here are some of the most common causes of lower abdominal pain and what you can do about them.

1) Stress

Stress is one of the most common causes of lower abdominal pain. When you're stressed, your body goes into fight or flight mode, which can cause a variety of symptoms, including pain in the lower abdomen. Stress can also lead to other health problems, such as headaches, insomnia, and an upset stomach. If you're experiencing stress-related lower abdominal pain, there are a few things you can do to ease your symptoms. First, try to relax by taking some deep breaths and focusing on positive thoughts.

2) Constipation

Constipation is one of the most common causes of lower abdominal pain. When you're constipated, your bowel movements are difficult or less frequent than normal. This can cause your stomach to feel full and bloated, and you may experience pain in your lower abdomen. Constipation can be caused by a variety of factors, including dehydration, a lack of fiber in your diet, or certain medications. Luckily, there are a few things you can do to ease constipation and the associated pain.

3) Gas

Gas is one of the most common causes of lower abdominal pain. It happens when the stomach and intestines fill up with air or food. This can cause bloating, burping, and flatulence. Gas pain can be caused by eating too fast, drinking carbonated beverages, or smoking. There are a few things you can do to help relieve gas pain. Try eating smaller meals more slowly and avoid foods that are known to cause gas. You can also try over-the-counter medications like simethicone.

4) Menstruation

For many women, lower abdominal pain is a normal part of their menstrual cycle. The pain is caused by the uterus contracting to shed its lining. The contractions are also responsible for the cramps many women experience. For some women, the pain is mild and goes away on its own. Others may need over-the-counter pain medication or a heating pad to find relief. If you're experiencing severe pain, contact your doctor.

5) Intestinal Infections

Intestinal infections are a common cause of lower abdominal pain. They can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites, and can lead to symptoms like diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps. If you think you might have an intestinal infection, it's important to see a doctor so you can get treated and feel better quickly.

6) Hernia

A hernia occurs when an organ or tissue protrudes through a weak spot in the abdominal wall. The most common type of hernia is an inguinal hernia, which affects the groin area. Other types of hernias include femoral, umbilical, and incisional hernias. Hernias can be caused by a variety of factors, including pregnancy, obesity, and lifting heavy objects.

7) Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common cause of lower abdominal pain. IBS is a chronic condition that affects the large intestine. Symptoms include abdominal pain, bloating, gas, diarrhea, and constipation. IBS can be managed with dietary changes, stress management, and medication.

8) Diverticulitis

Diverticulitis is a condition that affects the large intestine, or colon. The colon is full of tiny sacs, or pouches, that bulge outward from the wall of the intestine. These pouches are called diverticula. When these pouches become inflamed or infected, it’s called diverticulitis. Diverticulitis can cause lower abdominal pain, cramping, bloating, and constipation.

9) Appendicitis

One of the most common causes of lower abdominal pain is appendicitis, which is an inflammation of the appendix. The pain typically starts near the navel and then moves to the lower right side of the abdomen. Other symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and fever. If you think you may have appendicitis, it's important to see a doctor right away as it can be a serious condition.

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